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Wednesday, January 22, 2014

50 homer seasons: some observations.

This post contains observations on traditional data for seasons of at least 50 home runs (HR).  My previous post contains a lot of insight into home/road splits:

Tuesday, January 21, 2014  50 homers home/road splits. How many would they hit without their home park?

Nine players did it multiple times.


FirstOfPlayerCountOfPlayerIDMinOfYearMaxOfYearMaxOfHRtotMinOfHRtot
Babe Ruth4192019286054
Mark McGwire4199619997052
Sammy Sosa4199820016650
Alex Rodriguez3200120075752
Jimmie Foxx2193219385850
Ralph Kiner2194719495451
Willie Mays2195519655251
Mickey Mantle2195619615452
Ken Griffey2199719985656
____________________________________________

I intend to follow up with a post on batters who hit at least road 25 HR but fewer than 50 HR total and use the estimating technique in the previous post to determine how many they might have hit without their home park.

Here are the 43 seasons by 27 players with at least 50 HR sorted by HR.  Observations follow.

Rk Player HR Year Age Tm Lg G PA AB R H 2B 3B RBI BB IBB SO HBP SH SF GDP SB CS BA OBP SLG OPS Pos
1 Barry Bonds 73 2001 36 SFG NL 153 664 476 129 156 32 2 137 177 35 93 9 0 2 5 13 3 .328 .515 .863 1.379 *7/DH
2 Mark McGwire 70 1998 34 STL NL 155 681 509 130 152 21 0 147 162 28 155 6 0 4 8 1 0 .299 .470 .752 1.222 *3/H
3 Sammy Sosa 66 1998 29 CHC NL 159 722 643 134 198 20 0 158 73 14 171 1 0 5 20 18 9 .308 .377 .647 1.024 *9/8
4 Mark McGwire 65 1999 35 STL NL 153 661 521 118 145 21 1 147 133 21 141 2 0 5 12 0 0 .278 .424 .697 1.120 *3/H
5 Sammy Sosa 64 2001 32 CHC NL 160 711 577 146 189 34 5 160 116 37 153 6 0 12 6 0 2 .328 .437 .737 1.174 *9
6 Sammy Sosa 63 1999 30 CHC NL 162 712 625 114 180 24 2 141 78 8 171 3 0 6 17 7 8 .288 .367 .635 1.002 *98
7 Roger Maris 61 1961 26 NYY AL 161 698 590 132 159 16 4 141 94 0 67 7 0 7 16 0 0 .269 .372 .620 .993 *98/H
8 Babe Ruth 60 1927 32 NYY AL 151 691 540 158 192 29 8 164 137 89 0 14 7 6 .356 .486 .772 1.258 *97
9 Babe Ruth 59 1921 26 NYY AL 152 693 540 177 204 44 16 171 145 81 4 4 17 13 .378 .512 .846 1.359 *78/13
10 Ryan Howard 58 2006 26 PHI NL 159 704 581 104 182 25 1 149 108 37 181 9 0 6 7 0 0 .313 .425 .659 1.084 *3/H
11 Mark McGwire 58 1997 33 TOT ML 156 657 540 86 148 27 0 123 101 16 159 9 0 7 9 3 0 .274 .393 .646 1.039 *3/H
12 Hank Greenberg 58 1938 27 DET AL 155 681 556 144 175 23 4 146 119 92 3 3 7 5 .315 .438 .683 1.122 *3
13 Jimmie Foxx 58 1932 24 PHA AL 154 702 585 151 213 33 9 169 116 96 0 0 3 7 .364 .469 .749 1.218 *35
14 Alex Rodriguez 57 2002 26 TEX AL 162 725 624 125 187 27 2 142 87 12 122 10 0 4 14 9 4 .300 .392 .623 1.015 *6/H
15 Luis Gonzalez 57 2001 33 ARI NL 162 728 609 128 198 36 7 142 100 24 83 14 0 5 14 1 1 .325 .429 .688 1.117 *7/H
16 Ken Griffey 56 1998 28 SEA AL 161 720 633 120 180 33 3 146 76 11 121 7 0 4 14 20 5 .284 .365 .611 .977 *8/D379
17 Ken Griffey 56 1997 27 SEA AL 157 704 608 125 185 34 3 147 76 23 121 8 0 12 12 15 4 .304 .382 .646 1.028 *8/D7
18 Hack Wilson 56 1930 30 CHC NL 155 709 585 146 208 35 6 191 105 84 1 18 3 .356 .454 .723 1.177 *8
19 Jose Bautista 54 2010 29 TOR AL 161 683 569 109 148 35 3 124 100 2 116 10 0 4 10 9 2 .260 .378 .617 .995 *95/3D8
20 Alex Rodriguez 54 2007 31 NYY AL 158 708 583 143 183 31 0 156 95 11 120 21 0 9 15 24 4 .314 .422 .645 1.067 *5/D
21 David Ortiz 54 2006 30 BOS AL 151 686 558 115 160 29 2 137 119 23 117 4 0 5 12 1 0 .287 .413 .636 1.049 *D3/H
22 Mickey Mantle 54 1961 29 NYY AL 153 646 514 131 163 16 6 128 126 9 112 0 1 5 2 12 1 .317 .448 .687 1.135 *8/H
23 Ralph Kiner 54 1949 26 PIT NL 152 667 549 116 170 19 5 127 117 61 1 0 10 6 .310 .432 .658 1.089 *7
24 Babe Ruth 54 1928 33 NYY AL 154 684 536 163 173 29 8 142 137 87 3 8 4 5 .323 .463 .709 1.172 *97
25 Babe Ruth 54 1920 25 NYY AL 142 616 458 158 172 36 9 137 150 80 3 5 14 14 .376 .532 .847 1.379 *978/3H1
Rk Player HR Year Age Tm Lg G PA AB R H 2B 3B RBI BB IBB SO HBP SH SF GDP SB CS BA OBP SLG OPS Pos
26 Chris Davis 53 2013 27 BAL AL 160 673 584 103 167 42 1 138 72 12 199 10 0 7 4 4 1 .286 .370 .634 1.004 *3/D
27 Jim Thome 52 2002 31 CLE AL 147 613 480 101 146 19 2 118 122 18 139 5 0 6 5 1 2 .304 .445 .677 1.122 *3D/H
28 Alex Rodriguez 52 2001 25 TEX AL 162 732 632 133 201 34 1 135 75 6 131 16 0 9 17 18 3 .318 .399 .622 1.021 *6/D
29 Mark McGwire 52 1996 32 OAK AL 130 548 423 104 132 21 0 113 116 16 112 8 0 1 14 0 0 .312 .467 .730 1.198 *3D/H
30 George Foster 52 1977 28 CIN NL 158 689 615 124 197 31 2 149 61 10 107 5 0 8 17 6 4 .320 .382 .631 1.013 *78
31 Willie Mays 52 1965 34 SFG NL 157 638 558 118 177 21 3 112 76 16 71 0 2 2 11 9 4 .317 .398 .645 1.043 *8/H97
32 Mickey Mantle 52 1956 24 NYY AL 150 652 533 132 188 22 5 130 112 6 99 2 1 4 4 10 1 .353 .464 .705 1.169 *8/H
33 Andruw Jones 51 2005 28 ATL NL 160 672 586 95 154 24 3 128 64 13 112 15 0 7 19 5 3 .263 .347 .575 .922 *8/H
34 Cecil Fielder 51 1990 26 DET AL 159 673 573 104 159 25 1 132 90 11 182 5 0 5 15 0 1 .277 .377 .592 .969 *3D/H
35 Willie Mays 51 1955 24 NYG NL 152 670 580 123 185 18 13 127 79 13 60 4 0 7 12 24 4 .319 .400 .659 1.059 *8
36 Ralph Kiner 51 1947 24 PIT NL 152 666 565 118 177 23 4 127 98 81 2 1 12 1 .313 .417 .639 1.055 *7
37 Johnny Mize 51 1947 34 NYG NL 154 664 586 137 177 26 2 138 74 42 4 0 6 2 .302 .384 .614 .998 *3
38 Prince Fielder 50 2007 23 MIL NL 158 681 573 109 165 35 2 119 90 21 121 14 0 4 9 2 2 .288 .395 .618 1.013 *3/DH
39 Sammy Sosa 50 2000 31 CHC NL 156 705 604 106 193 38 1 138 91 19 168 2 0 8 12 7 4 .320 .406 .634 1.040 *9/8
40 Greg Vaughn 50 1998 32 SDP NL 158 661 573 112 156 28 4 119 79 6 121 5 0 4 7 11 4 .272 .363 .597 .960 *7/DH
41 Brady Anderson 50 1996 32 BAL AL 149 687 579 117 172 37 5 110 76 1 106 22 6 4 11 21 8 .297 .396 .637 1.034 *8/HD
42 Albert Belle 50 1995 28 CLE AL 143 631 546 121 173 52 1 126 73 5 80 6 0 4 24 5 2 .317 .401 .690 1.091 *7/D
43 Jimmie Foxx 50 1938 30 BOS AL 149 685 565 139 197 33 9 175 119 76 0 1 5 4 .349 .462 .704 1.166 *3
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 1/22/2014.

Mantle and Maris are still the only teammates to do it in the same year: 1961.

Black ink (bold) indicates leading the league.  Nine times the batter did not lead in HR, including Sammy Sosa with 66 in 1998.

Some highs and lows:

AB (9 > 600, 4 < 500, 23 >= 573):
Sosa 66 1998 643
McGwire 52 1996 423

Runs (25 >= 120):
Ruth 59 1921 177
Jones 51 2005 95
McGwire 58 1997 86

Hits (22 >= 177; 4 > 200):
Foxx 58 1932 213
McGwire 52 1996 132

2B (19 > 30):
Belle 50 1995 52 (led league; only 50 HR, 50 2B season)
Maris 61 1961 16
Mantle 54 1961 16

3B (18 >= 4):
Ruth 59 1921 16
Mays 51 1955 13 (led league)
Zero:
McGwire 52 1996
McGwire 58 1997
McGwire 70 1998
Sosa 66 1998
Rodriguez 54 2007

RBI (23 >= 138):
Wilson 56 1930 191
Mays 52 1965 112
Anderson 50 1996 110 (485 PA batting first, 198 second)

BB (22 >=100):
Bonds 73 2001 177
Foster 52 1977 61

SO (18 < 100):
Davis 53 2013 199
Mize 51 1947 42 (only 50 HR season with fewer SO than HR)

HBP (9 >= 10):
Anderson 50 1996 22 (led league)
Rodriguez 54 2007 21 (double figures all three times)
Zero:
Ruth 60 1927
Foxx 58 1932
Foxx 50 1938
Mantle 54 1961
Mays 52 1965

SH (sacrifice hits):
Wilson 56 1930 18
Ruth 60 1927 14
Zero: 31 seasons

SB:
Mays 51 1955 24
Rodriguez 54 2007 24
Zero:
Maris 61 1961
Cecil Fielder 51 1990
McGwire 52 1996
McGwire 65 1999
Sosa 64 2001
Howard 58 2006

CS:
Ruth 54 1920 14

BA (29 >= .300):
Ruth 59 1921 .378
Bautista 54 2010 .260

OBP (25 >= .400):
Ruth 54 1920 .532
Bonds 73 2001 .515
Ruth 59 1921 .512
Jones 51 2005 .347

SLG (21 > .650):
Bonds 73 2001 .863
Ruth 54 1920 .847
Ruth 59 1921 .846
Jones 51 2005 .575

OPS (36 > 1.000):
Bonds 73 2001 1.379
Ruth 54 1920 1.379
Ruth 59 1921 1.359
Jones 51 2005 .922

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