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Saturday, February 11, 2017

OPS+ lower than 100 for at least 100 RBI.

Yesterday on MLB Network Brian Kenny was scaling back his "Kill the RBI" initiative. A couple of days ago he looked at Home Run champs with the lowest WAR (Wins Above Replacement). I posted about that.

This post is somewhat similar but it looks at all 45 seasons, including multiple by individuals, for  OPS+ lower than 100 for at least 100 RBI. OPS+ 100 is league average, so we're looking at 100 RBI seasons in which the overall batting of an individual is below league average. Here's the list sorted by OPS+:

Rk Player OPS+ RBI Year Age Tm Lg G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR BB IBB SO HBP SH SF GDP SB CS BA OBP SLG OPS Pos
1 Joe Carter 77 102 1997 37 TOR AL 157 668 612 76 143 30 4 21 40 5 105 7 0 9 12 8 2 .234 .284 .399 .683 D379
2 Tony Batista 81 110 2004 30 MON NL 157 650 606 76 146 30 2 32 26 4 78 4 4 10 14 14 6 .241 .272 .455 .728 *5/H
3 Ray Pepper 83 101 1934 28 SLB AL 148 598 564 71 168 24 6 7 29 67 1 4 1 4 .298 .333 .399 .732 *78H/9
4 Vinny Castilla 84 102 1999 31 COL NL 158 674 615 83 169 24 1 33 53 7 75 1 0 5 15 2 3 .275 .331 .478 .809 *5/H
5 Joe Carter 85 115 1990 30 SDP NL 162 697 634 79 147 27 1 24 48 18 93 7 0 8 12 22 6 .232 .290 .391 .681 *873/H
6 Tony Armas 85 107 1983 29 BOS AL 145 613 574 77 125 23 2 36 29 0 131 2 0 8 31 0 1 .218 .254 .453 .707 *8D/H
7 Marv Owen 85 105 1936 30 DET AL 154 655 583 72 172 20 4 9 53 41 7 12 9 6 .295 .361 .389 .750 *5/3
8 Glenn Wright 85 105 1927 26 PIT NL 143 626 570 78 160 26 4 9 39 46 1 16 4 .281 .328 .388 .716 *6
9 Ruben Sierra 86 101 1993 27 OAK AL 158 692 630 77 147 23 5 22 52 16 97 0 0 10 17 25 5 .233 .288 .390 .678 *9D/H
10 Jeff Francoeur 87 103 2006 22 ATL NL 162 686 651 83 169 24 6 29 23 6 132 9 0 3 15 1 6 .260 .293 .449 .742 *9/8
11 Ray Jablonski 89 112 1953 26 STL NL 157 638 604 64 162 23 5 21 34 61 1 1 15 2 2 .268 .308 .427 .735 *5
12 Joe Pepitone 90 100 1964 23 NYY AL 160 647 613 71 154 12 3 28 24 7 63 3 2 5 17 2 1 .251 .281 .418 .698 *38/H9
13 High Pockets Kelly 91 103 1929 33 CIN NL 147 632 577 73 169 45 9 5 33 61 1 21 7 .293 .332 .428 .760 *3
14 Paul O'Neill 92 100 2000 37 NYY AL 142 628 566 79 160 26 0 18 51 2 90 0 0 11 17 14 9 .283 .336 .424 .760 *9/DH
15 Travis Fryman 92 100 1996 27 DET AL 157 688 616 90 165 32 3 22 57 2 118 4 1 10 18 4 3 .268 .329 .437 .766 *56
16 Ernie Banks 92 106 1969 38 CHC NL 155 629 565 60 143 19 2 23 42 7 101 7 8 7 15 0 0 .253 .309 .416 .725 *3/H
17 Brandon Phillips 94 103 2013 32 CIN NL 151 666 606 80 158 24 2 18 39 6 98 8 4 9 19 5 3 .261 .310 .396 .706 *4
18 Andruw Jones 94 104 2001 24 ATL NL 161 693 625 104 157 25 2 34 56 3 142 3 0 9 10 11 4 .251 .312 .461 .772 *8
19 Joe Randa 94 106 2000 30 KCR AL 158 665 612 88 186 29 4 15 36 3 66 6 1 10 19 6 3 .304 .343 .438 .781 *5/HD
20 Willie McGee 94 105 1987 28 STL NL 153 652 620 76 177 37 11 11 24 5 90 2 1 5 24 16 4 .285 .312 .434 .746 *8/H6
21 Gee Walker 94 111 1939 31 CHW AL 149 645 598 95 174 30 11 13 28 43 7 12 16 17 6 .291 .330 .443 .773 *7/H
22 Rico Brogna 95 102 1999 29 PHI NL 157 679 619 90 172 29 4 24 54 7 132 2 0 4 19 8 5 .278 .336 .454 .790 *3/H
23 Joe Carter 95 107 1996 36 TOR AL 157 682 625 84 158 35 7 30 44 2 106 7 0 6 12 7 6 .253 .306 .475 .782 *73D
24 Eddie Robinson 95 102 1953 32 PHA AL 156 685 615 64 152 28 4 22 63 56 5 2 13 1 2 .247 .322 .413 .735 *3/H
25 Pinky Higgins 95 106 1938 29 BOS AL 139 604 524 77 159 29 5 5 71 55 1 7 10 9 .303 .388 .406 .794 *5/H
Rk Player OPS+ RBI Year Age Tm Lg G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR BB IBB SO HBP SH SF GDP SB CS BA OBP SLG OPS Pos
26 Moose Solters 95 134 1936 30 SLB AL 152 676 628 100 183 45 7 17 41 76 1 6 3 0 .291 .336 .467 .802 *7/8H
27 Pinky Whitney 95 103 1928 23 PHI NL 151 636 585 73 176 35 4 10 36 30 1 14 3 .301 .342 .426 .768 *5/H
28 Wally Pipp 95 109 1923 30 NYY AL 144 644 569 79 173 19 8 6 36 28 6 23 6 13 .304 .352 .397 .749 *3
29 Wally Pipp 95 103 1921 28 NYY AL 153 669 588 96 174 35 9 8 45 28 1 33 17 10 .296 .347 .427 .774 *3
30 Vernon Wells 96 100 2002 23 TOR AL 159 648 608 87 167 34 4 23 27 0 85 3 2 8 15 9 4 .275 .305 .457 .762 *89/H
31 Bill Brubaker 96 102 1936 25 PIT NL 145 620 554 77 160 27 4 6 50 96 4 12 17 5 .289 .352 .384 .736 *5
32 Bing Miller 96 100 1930 35 PHA AL 154 653 585 89 177 38 7 9 47 22 3 19 13 13 .303 .357 .438 .795 *98/7
33 Glenn Wright 96 111 1924 23 PIT NL 153 662 616 80 177 28 18 7 27 52 1 18 14 6 .287 .318 .425 .744 *6
34 Rico Brogna 97 104 1998 28 PHI NL 153 624 565 77 150 36 3 20 49 8 125 0 0 10 12 7 7 .265 .319 .446 .765 *3/H
35 Andres Galarraga 97 106 1995 34 COL NL 143 604 554 89 155 29 3 31 32 6 146 13 0 5 14 12 2 .280 .331 .511 .842 *3/H
36 Del Ennis 97 119 1954 29 PHI NL 145 620 556 73 145 23 2 25 50 60 2 1 11 23 2 1 .261 .318 .444 .762 79/H3
37 Torii Hunter 98 102 2003 27 MIN AL 154 642 581 83 145 31 4 26 50 7 106 5 0 6 15 6 7 .250 .312 .451 .762 *8/DH
38 Derek Bell 98 113 1996 27 HOU NL 158 684 627 84 165 40 3 17 40 8 123 8 0 9 18 29 3 .263 .311 .418 .729 *9/8H
39 Bill Buckner 98 102 1986 36 BOS AL 153 681 629 73 168 39 2 18 40 9 25 4 0 8 25 6 4 .267 .311 .421 .733 *3D
40 Maurice Van Robays 98 116 1940 25 PIT NL 145 609 572 82 156 27 7 11 33 58 3 1 16 2 .273 .316 .402 .718 *7/9H83
41 Pinky Whitney 98 117 1930 25 PHI NL 149 660 606 87 207 41 5 8 40 41 1 15 3 .342 .383 .465 .849 *5/H
42 Al Simmons 98 102 1924 22 PHA AL 152 647 594 69 183 31 9 8 30 60 2 18 16 15 .308 .343 .431 .774 *87/9
43 Sammy Sosa 99 119 1997 28 CHC NL 162 694 642 90 161 31 4 36 45 9 174 2 0 5 16 22 12 .251 .300 .480 .779 *9/H
44 George Bell 99 112 1992 32 CHW AL 155 670 627 74 160 27 0 25 31 8 97 6 0 6 29 5 2 .255 .294 .418 .712 *D7
45 Ray Jablonski 99 104 1954 27 STL NL 152 673 611 80 181 33 3 12 49 42 2 1 11 17 9 4 .296 .345 .419 .764 *5/H3
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 2/10/2017.

Joe Carter is best known for hitting the World Series winning Home Run (HR) in game six:
Saturday, October 23, 1993, 8:10, SkyDome
Attendance: 52,195, Time of Game: 3:27
Blue Jays 8, Phillies 6
Joe Carter off Mitch Williams: Home Run (Deep LF Line); Henderson Scores; Molitor Scores
3 runs, 2 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Phillies 6, Blue Jays 8.


However, Carter has the lowest OPS+ for any batter with at least 100 RBI: OPS+ only 77 in 1997. That's 77% of league average. Carter also is the only batter with three such seasons. Batters with two of these seasons: Glenn Wright, Pinky Whitney, Ray Jablonski, Rico Brogna, Wally Pipp.

Most RBI:
Moose Solters 134 in 1936
Del Ennis 119 in 1954
Sammy Sosa 119 in 1997

Seven had at least 30 HR. Most: 36 by Sammy Sosa in 1997 and Tony Armas in 1983. Twelve had fewer than ten HR. Fewest: 5 by Pinky Higgins and High Pockets Kelly.

The problem is basically few Bases on Balls (BB). Higgins had the most: 71; and the highest On Base Percentage (OBP): .388. Nine had fewer than 30 BB; Jeff Francoeur 23 in 2006. Lowest OBP: Armas .254.

Those are amazingly bad numbers, especially for batters with at least 100 RBI. One reason they reached 100 RBI is that they batted a lot. At Bats (AB) ranged from 612 for Carter in 1997 with his OPS+ 77 to 524 for Higgins. Carter also had the most Plate Appearances (PA) but that was in 1990: OPS+ 85 for 697 PA. Fewest PA: Ray Pepper 598 in 1934: OPS+ 83.

None led the league in RBI, HR, PA. Two led in AB: Carter 634 in 1990 and Wright 616 in 1924.

13 had at least 100 Strike Outs (SO); three led the league in SO: the top two in SO for the group: Sosa 174 in 1997 and Andres Galarraga 146 in 1995; Bill Brubaker led with 96 in 1936.

Nine had 10 or 11 Sacrifice Flies (SF), which would help. For 18 of the 45 seasons SF was not a stat but the event may have occurred.

Something that would have hurt getting RBI: Double Plays Grounded into (GDP): no RBI even if a run scores. Five batters had at least 23 and four of them led the league; Tony Armas had the most: 31. For 13 of the 45 seasons GDP was not a stat but the event may have occurred and I guess that the batter would have gotten an RBI.

Only 7 of the 45 had Batting Average of at least .300; Whitney in 1930 had by far the highest: .342. Second: Al Simmons .308 in 1924.

Only two scored at least 100 Runs: Andruw Jones 104 in 2001 and Moose Solters 100 in 1936. Ernie Banks scored the fewest, only 60 in 1969 at age 38.

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