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Sunday, November 12, 2017

Ruth, Mantle, Judge: SO relative to league.

In 2017 25 year old Yankee rookie Aaron Judge hit a rookie record 52 Home Runs (HR), which led the American League (AL). Judge also led the AL in Strike Outs (SO) and Bases on Balls (BB).  In a series of posts, Judge will be compared to legendary Yankee home run champions Babe Ruth and Mickey Mantle, who also often led the league in SO and BB. Since Judge has played only one full season, this will be done for individual seasons for Ruth and Mantle.

Judge had 208 SO, tied for sixth most ever and one of only ten 200 SO seasons.

Aaron Judge: 200 SO, joins five others. No Joe DiMaggio he. Sunday, September 24, 2017

Judge joins these five players who did it nine times...

Judge also leads with 46 HR ...

Judge has these ratios:
SO/BB: 1.7
SO/HR: 4.4

Judge also tied Joe DiMaggio for third most HR by a Yankee righty batter. Alex Rodriguez hit 48 and 54. DiMaggio hit more than 39 HR only once, the 46 in 1937. That season in 621 AB DiMaggio had 37 SO and 64 BB for these ratios:

SO/BB: 0.58
SO/HR: 0.80

In 1941 DiMaggio had his famous 56 game hitting streak. And in 541 AB he also had his best full season numbers: 13 SO, 76 BB. DiMaggio hit 30 HR in 1941.
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200 SO in a season:
RkPlayerSOHRBBYearAgeTmLgGPAABRH2B3BRBIIBBHBPSHSFGDPSBCSBAOBPSLGOPSPos
1Mark Reynolds2234476200925ARINL1556625789815030110235038249.260.349.543.892*53/H
2Adam Dunn22241105201232CHWAL15164953987110190963104821.204.333.468.800*D3/7H
3Chris Davis2193888201630BALAL15766556699125210843803610.221.332.459.792*3/9D
4Chris Carter2122970201326HOUAL14858550664113242821405820.223.320.451.77037D/H9
5Mark Reynolds2113283201026ARINL1455964997999172857905874.198.320.433.753*5/3H
6Aaron Judge20852127201725NYYAL155678542128154243114115041594.284.422.6271.049*9D/H
7Chris Davis2084784201529BALAL1606705731001503101176805623.262.361.562.923*39D
8Chris Carter2064176201629MILNL1606445498412227194190101831.222.321.499.821*3/HD
9Drew Stubbs2051563201126CINNL1586816049214722344176124010.243.321.364.686*8/H
10Mark Reynolds2042864200824ARINL1526135398712928397031610112.239.320.458.779*5/H3

Ruth had his most SO in 1923: 93. Through that season, that was the 21st most SO in a season. Of the twenty seasons with more only two batters had HR in double figures:
1. Jake Stahl: 10 HR, 128 SO; SO king
12. Jimmy Dykes: 12 HR, 98 SO

Through 1923 at least 100 SO happened nine times by seven batters. That's pretty similar to 200 through 2017. Ruth led the AL in SO:
1918 58 SO, 11 HR with the Red Sox; short season because of WWI
1923 93 SO, 41 HR
1924 81 SO, 46 HR
1927 89 SO, 60 HR
1928 87 SO, 54 HR

Each season that Ruth led in SO he also led in HR.

Here are the seasons in which Mickey Mantle led in SO:
1952 111 SO, 23 HR
1954 107 SO, 27 HR
1958 120 SO, 42 HR
1959 126 SO, 31 HR
1960 125 SO, 40 HR

In two of those five seasons Mantle also led in HR. 1960 was his final season leading in either SO or HR. Let's look at 1959 when  Mantle had his most SO.

Most SO through 1959:
RkPlayerSOHRBBYearAgeTmLgGPAABRH2B3BRBIIBBHBPSHSFGDPSBCSBAOBPSLGOPSPos
1Jim Lemon1382765195628WSHAL1466135387714621119622261224.271.349.502.850*97/H
2Vince DiMaggio1341465193825BSNNL150611540711232836124411.228.313.369.682*8/4
3Jake Stahl1281042191031BOSAL1445985316814419167781722.271.334.424.758*3
4Chet Ross1271759194023BSNNL149632569841602314893154.281.352.460.812*7
5Mickey Mantle1263193195927NYYAL1446405411041542347562127213.285.390.514.904*8/H
6Vince DiMaggio1261570194330PITNL157651580641444128801811.248.329.403.733*8/6
7Steve Bilko1252170195324STLNL1546425707214323384101701.251.334.412.746*3/H
8Wally Post1243637195626CINNL143586539941342538324421060.249.301.506.807*9/H
9Larry Doby1212996195329CLEAL1496175139213518510262732.263.385.487.873*8/H
10Jim Lemon1202650195830WSHAL142555501651231597531121124.246.314.467.781*9/H7
11Mickey Mantle12042129195826NYYAL150654519127158211971322211183.304.443.5921.035*8
12Gus Williams120436191426SLBAL14455349951126196474143520.253.308.339.647*9/H

Vince DiMaggio broke Stahl's SO record in 1938 and held the record through 1955. Through 1959 Stahl was still number three. Mantle was tied for numbers five and ten and in 1960 Mantle would have one fewer than his 1959 high.

Both Ruth and Mantle retired with the career SO record.

Most SO through 1935:
Ruth 1,330
Dykes 799

1,000 SO through 1968:

RkPlayerSOHRBBFromToAgeGPAABRH2B3BRBIIBBHBPSHSFGDPSBCSBAOBPSLGOPSPosTm
1Mickey Mantle171053617331951196819-362401990781021676241534472150912613144711315338.298.421.557.977*8397H/645NYY
2Eddie Mathews148751214441952196820-362391101008537150923153547214531072636581236839.271.376.509.885*53/H7BSN-MLN-ATL-HOU-DET
3Babe Ruth133071420621914193519-402503106238399217428735061362214431132123117.342.474.6901.164971/H83BOS-NYY-BSN
4Jimmie Foxx131153414521925194517-372317967681341751264645812519221371698773.325.428.6091.038*35H2/7916PHA-BOS-CHC-PHI
5Duke Snider12374079711947196420-37214382377161125921163588513331042152321669950.295.380.540.919*89H/7BRO-LAD-NYM-SFG
6Harmon Killebrew11543979381954196818-321533626252398851367189171008793804513578.261.374.531.905357/H49WSH-MIN
7Willie Mays114758711371951196820-3724461038691301763281244612916541653377621229993.308.384.578.962*8/H96375NYG-SFG
8Gil Hodges11373709431943196319-3920718102703011051921295481274312556501656331.273.359.487.846*3/H275984BRO-LAD-NYM
9Ernie Banks10884746951953196822-37226294268551121623683808614801876233862085053.277.333.508.84063/5H7CHC
10Joe Adcock10593365941950196622-381959730366068231832295351122551752352232025.277.337.485.822*37H/9CIN-MLN-CLE-LAA-CAL
11Frank Robinson10474189291956196820-3219168159700313172117402601277158147136818518267.302.392.556.9489738/H5CIN-BAL
12Frank Howard10272424011958196821-31122646924234548115016929732552372811046.272.336.497.83379H/3LAD-WSA
13Larry Doby10112538711947195923-3515336299534896015152435297019382025974736.283.386.490.876*89/H7436CLE-CHW-DET
14Ken Boyer10102827111955196824-37200982367421110421363166811379720176318310577.288.349.463.812*58/H36STL-NYM-CHW-LAD

At least 1,880 SO through 2017:
RkPlayerSOHRBBFromToAgeGPAABRH2B3BRBIIBBHBPSHSFGDPSBCSBAOBPSLGOPSPosTm
1Reggie Jackson259756313751967198721-41282011418986415512584463491702164961368183228115.262.356.490.846*9D8H/7KCA-OAK-BAL-NYY-CAL
2Jim Thome254861217471991201220-41254310313842215832328451261699173691741651920.276.402.554.9563D5HCLE-PHI-CHW-LAD-MIN-BAL
3Adam Dunn237946213172001201421-3420018328688310971631334101168122862401006325.237.364.490.854*73D9/H1CIN-ARI-WSN-CHW-OAK
4Sammy Sosa23066099291989200720-3823549896881314752408379451667154591778202234107.273.344.534.878*98D/H7CHW-CHC-BAL-TEX
5Alex Rodriguez228769613381994201618-402784122071056620213115548312086971761611126132976.295.380.550.93065D/H3SEA-TEX-NYY
6Andres Galarraga20033995831985200424-432257891680961195233344432142510617815817912881.288.347.499.846*3H/D5MON-STL-COL-ATL-TEX-SFG-ANA
7Jose Canseco19424629061985200120-3618878129705711861877340141407638418117820088.266.353.515.867D97/H81OAK-TEX-BOS-TOR-TBD-NYY-CHW
8Willie Stargell19364759371962198222-4223609027792711942232423551540227789751431716.282.360.529.889*73H/98PIT
9Mike Cameron19012788671995201122-3819557884683910641700383599681987316011429783.249.338.444.782*89/HD7CHW-CIN-SEA-NYM-SDP-MIL-BOS-FLA
10Mike Schmidt188354815071972198922-39240410062835215062234408591595201791610815617492.267.380.527.908*53/H64PHI
11Fred McGriff188249313051986200422-40246010174875713492490441241550171392712267238.284.377.509.886*3D/HTOR-SDP-ATL-T

But simply looking at totals does not provide context. Let's compare SO rates and then do it compared to the league rates for the individual seasons in which Ruth, Mantle and Judge had their most SO.


yearYankSOABSO/AB
1923Ruth9352217.82%
1959Mantle12654123.29%
2017Judge20654238.01%


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ALALALDifPct Dif
yearSOABSO/ABYank
19233,61342,0168.60%9.22%107%Ruth
19596,07941,96414.49%8.80%61%Mantle
201719,79483,09423.82%14.19%60%Judge

Mantle's SO rate in 1959 was about the same as the league rate in 2017. The percent above the league uses the league rate as the base. Surprisingly, that percent above league is about the same for Mantle and Judge: 61% and 60%. However, Ruth is a whopping 107% above.

So, the Babe is the SO king among these three Yankee HR hitters. Who knew?

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